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bulletDemocracy in America

"When we conjure up the past we run the risk of reawakening old nightmares of being overwhelmed with horror. Conjuring the future is even more treacherous, because to attempt to envision the future we must resort to what is known, to the past, and if the past is nearly unbearable, how much more to look ahead and see only nightmares staring back at us. Then again, considering the dire present, imagining that we have any future at all has got to be accounted  a cause for celebration."- Tony Kushner

"Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it."  George Santayana

"History, despite its wrenching pain, cannot be unlived, but if faced with courage, need not be lived again."
Maya Angelou

"Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely." Lord Acton

"Wherever men, woman or children are persecuted because of their race, religion or political views, that place must, at that moment, become the center of the universe." Elie Weisel

"For the last two million years humans have succeeded in obtaining more food and extracting more resources on which to sustain increasing numbers of people and increasingly complex and technologically advanced societies. But have they been any more successful than the [Easter Island] islanders in finding a way of life that does not fatally deplete the resources that are available to them and irreversibly damage their life support system?"

From, "A Green History of the World: The Environment and the Collapse of Great Civilizations," by Clive Ponting; See also: Easter Island's End, By Jared Diamond, in Discover Magazine, August 1995  

"...For centuries, the natives built enigmatic stone heads in tribute to dead chiefs. Such ancestor worship helped ward off trouble, they believed, and grew their clans’ prestige, but transporting the stones and erecting them used up lots of logs, adding to the decline of forests. This caused a shortage of wood for building boats and a shortage of trees for birds to nest in, and so the seafood and fowl that provided sustenance began disappearing from their diets. Soon this once proud and accomplished civilization turned to eating rats, even to cannibalism, the record shows."

 "A word about Easter Island and other calamitous feedback loops," by Don Williams, Opednews  12/20/2008

See also: This Time We’re Taking the Whole Planet With Us, Chris Hedges, 3/7/2011:

"“Are the events of three hundred years ago on a small remote island of any significance to the world at large?” Bahn and Flenley ask. “We believe they are. We consider that Easter Island was a microcosm which provides a model for the whole planet. Like the Earth, Easter Island was an isolated system. The people there believed that they were the only survivors on Earth, all other land having sunk beneath the sea. They carried out for us the experiment of permitting unrestricted population growth, profligate use of resources, destruction of the environment and boundless confidence in their religion to take care of the future. The result was an ecological disaster leading to a population crash. A crash on a similar scale (60 percent of the population) for the planet Earth would lead to the deaths of about 1.8 billion people, roughly 100 times the death toll of the Second World War. Do we have to repeat the experiment on this grand scale? Do we have to be as cynical as Henry Ford and say ‘History is bunk’? Would it not be more sensible to learn the lesson of Easter Island history, and apply it to the Earth Island on which we live?""

Continuing, Chris writes: "Human beings seem cursed to repeat these cycles of exploitation and collapse. And the greater the extent of the deterioration the less they are able to comprehend what is happening around them. The Earth is littered with the physical remains of human folly and human hubris. We seem condemned as a species to drive ourselves and our societies toward extinction, although this moment appears be the denouement to the whole sad show of settled, civilized life that began some 5,000 years ago. There is nothing left on the planet to seize. We are now spending down the last remnants of our natural capital, including our forests, fossil fuel, air and water.

This time when we go down it will be global. There are no new lands to pillage, no new peoples to exploit. Technology, which has obliterated the constraints of time and space, has turned our global village into a global death trap. The fate of Easter Island will be writ large across the broad expanse of planet Earth."

Possibly the Taoist hermit Zhang Daoling - a man of action and great power- immortal-shown in a household shrine; Zhejiang province, late 19th century

The uniting of Heaven and Earth (Yin and Yang, Tiger and Dragon). All that is in the universe is in man- all that is in man is in the universe. All are connected and facets of the same underlying reality. Reverence, love, honor and peace.

It is possible to experience oneness on higher energetic planes- but to experience it on this plane brings one to the merging of heaven and earth- where as a man one becomes the connecting link. To know this intellectually and to experience this are two different things.

PBS History

African National Congress Archive
of Historical Documents

Asian Studies Network
Information Center

Canadian Museum of Civilization

Houses more than 3.75 million artifacts
spanning the disciplines of history,
archaeology, folk culture, ethnology,
postal communications & various other
areas of heritage study.

Catholic Encyclopedia

CIA World Factbook

Committee on Lesbian and Gay History

Promotes the study of homosexuality in the
past & present by facilitating communication
among scholars in a variety of disciplines
working on a variety of cultures.

Cornell Institute for Digital Collections
Mission is to explore the use of emerging
technologies to expand access to cultural
& scientific sources & to support the use
of these resources on campus & globally
through the development & management
of distinctive digital collections.

Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript,
and Special Collections Library


Personal narratives & other first-hand
sources for historical study.

Strives to provide a general overview
of the First World War.

Free India

Genocide: Resources for Teaching
and Research

Einstein Archive Online
Online access to Albert Einstein’s
scientific and non-scientific manuscripts
held by the Albert Einstein Archives at the
Hebrew University of Jerusalem and to
an extensive Archival Database.

The Government of Tibet in Exile

Gutenberg Digital Bible

History Channel
Collection of the history sites.

History at USD

The History Net

History Online

Compilation of history resources on
topics such as the Middle East Conflict,
Afghanistan, India & Pakistan,
European history, etc.

H-Net: Humanities Online

Humanities Interactive

Interactive exhibits, games & lessons.

Index of Native American History
Resources on the Internet

Institute for Advanced Technology
in the Humanities
| Research Listing

Institute of Latin American Studies

The Internet Archive
‘Internet library’ offering permanent
access for researchers, historians,
& scholars to historical collections
that exist in digital format.

Internet History Sourcebooks Project
Collections of historical texts for educational use.

The Jamestown Foundation
Publisher of news & analysis of events
in the former Soviet Union.

Journal for Multimedia History

Labyrinth: Medieval Studies

Latin World - Latin America on
the Net

Leaves of Gold
Eighty manuscripts & cuttings from the
collections of eleven Philadelphia-area

The Legacy Project
"Gathering place for people interested
in the enduring legacies of the many
violent traumas of the 20th century.
Dedicated to exploring issues of
remembrance in different cultures, in
order to better understand the contemporary
significance of historical tragedy."

Library of Congress Portals
to the World

Malaspina Great Books

Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts

Mountain Voices
Aims to amplify the voices of those
disadvantaged by poverty, gender,
lack of education & other inequalities.
Collecting & disseminating oral testimonies
allows the least vocal and least powerful
members of society to speak for
themselves, rather than through
outsiders or "experts."

National Endowment for the

Grant-making agency of the United
States government dedicated to supporting
research, education, preservation, &
public programs in the humanities.

New York Public Library Picture
Collection Online

Select group of images from The New
York Public Library, Mid-Manhattan
Library, Picture Collection. The Picture Collection
has met the needs of New York's large
community of artists, illustrators, designers,
teachers, students, & general researchers.
Covering over 12,000 subjects, it is an
extensive circulating collection & reference

Dedicated to making the history & beauty
of rare original works available to libraries &
their patrons worldwide.

ONE Institute & Archives
Houses large research library on Gay, Lesbian,
Bisexual, & Transgendered heritage
& concerns.

People with a History: An Online
Guide to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual
& Trans History

Pesents the history of lesbians, gay men,
bisexuals and transgendered people. It
includes hundreds of original texts, discussions
& addresses LGBT history in all periods,&
in all regions of the world.

Personal Recollections of
Joan of Arc
| Saint Joan of Arc

Places of Peace & Power
The Sacred Site Pilgrimage of Martin Gray.

The Proceedings of the Old Bailey
London 1674 to 1834

A searchable online edition of the largest
body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite
people ever published, containing accounts
of over 100,000 criminal trials held at
London's central criminal court.

The Rosetta Project
Survey & near permanent archive
of 1,000 languages.

Talking History
Production, distribution, & instructional center
for all forms of "aural" history. Mission is to
provide teachers, students, researchers & the
general public with as broad and outstanding
a collection of audio documentaries, speeches,
debates, oral histories, conference sessions,
commentaries, archival audio sources, &
other aural history resources as is available

Truth and Reconciliation Commission
The South African Truth and Reconciliation
Commission (TRC) was set up by the
Government of National Unity to help deal
with what happened under apartheid. The
conflict during this period resulted in violence &
human rights abuses from all sides. No
section of society escaped these abuses.

University of Virginia Electronic
Text Center

Internet-accessible collection of SGML
texts & images and user communities
adept at the creation and use of
these materials.

University of Virginia Geostat
Access to extensive collections of
numeric & geospatial data files;
computing facilities & software for
data manipulation, research, &
instruction; and a suite of Internet-
accessible data extraction tools.

Web Genocide Documentation Centre
Resources on genocide, war crimes
& mass killing.

The Workhouse
"This site is dedicated to the workhouse
- its buildings, its inmates, its staff &
administrators, and even its poets..."

"Why did they build these colossals, the Cathedrals?
It was to deposit, in safety, they believed the imperceptible egg, that seed which requires so much care; Taste, that atom of pure blood which the centuries have transmitted to us, and which, in our turn, we should transmit."-
AUGUSTE RODIN : The Cathedrals of France, from: Gothic Dreams!

gothic04_small.jpg (1750 bytes)


Illegal Medical Experiments- Unwitting Human Guinea Pigs

"In a Massachusetts school, seventy-three disabled children were spoon fed radioactive isotopes along with their morning oatmeal....In an upstate New York hospital, an eighteen-year-old woman, believing she was being treated for a pituitary disorder, was injected with plutonium by Manhattan Project doctors....At a Tennessee prenatal clinic, 829 pregnant women were served "vitamin cocktails"--in truth, drinks containing radioactive iron--as part of their prenatal treatment..." -From Dell Publishing, publisher of "The Plutonium Files: America's Secret Medical Experiments in the Cold War," by Eileen Welsome

State will admit sterilization past

"...Oregon was one of 33 states to pass sterilization laws in the first quarter of the 20th century. The laws were based on eugenics, the pseudo-scientific movement that sought to solve social problems by preventing the "unfit" from having children. Nazi Germany eventually would use eugenics laws in the United States to legally justify its own programs that would sterilize and eventually kill millions. But Oregon was remarkable in that its laws were initially used to punish people having homosexual sex; that the state for years favored castration over vasectomies, and that the Legislature did not abolish the Board of Eugenics until October, 1983. Until reforms in 1967, sterilization often was used as a condition of release from state institutions or to punish people who acted out. But evidence of what occurred was scanty. Medical records detailing the surgeries are confidential. And the records of the Board of Eugenics, the small state board that ordered the procedures, and its successor, the Board of Social Protection, were lost or destroyed.- Julie Sullivan, Portland Oregonian, 11/15/2002

"Senejem and his Wife Receiving a Libation form their Son"
"Senejem and his Wife Receiving a
Libation from their Son"

Ancient History

About.com: Ancient/Classical History

Ancient American

Ancient History Sourcebook


Dead Sea Scrolls

Discovering Archaeology

Exploring Ancient World Cultures

An introduction to ancient world cultures.

Internet Classics Archive

The Modern Antiquarian
Resource for news, information, images,
folklore & weblinks on the ancient
sites across the UK & Ireland.

Mysterious Places

"The Origin Map: Discovery of a
Prehistoric, Megalithic, Astrophysical
Map and Sculpture of the Universe,"
by Thomas G. Brophy

The Perseus Project

Stone Pages
Online guide about European megalithic
sites & other ancient monuments.

Teacher Oz's Kingdom of History

University of Pennsylvania Museum
of Archaeology and Anthropology


Ancient Egypt

From, "The Official
Graham Hancock Web Site"
Copyright 1999 Santha Faiia

Ancient Egypt

Centre for Computer-aided Egyptological

Duke Papyrus Archive
Access to texts about and images of
1,375 papyri from ancient Egypt.

Egyptology Resources

The Giza Plateau Mapping Project

Guardian's Egypt

KMT: A Modern Journal of Ancient

The Pyramid of Giza Research Association
Non-traditional research concerning
the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Tehuti Research Foundation

Theban Mapping Project

Virtual Egypt


Ancient Greece

Ancient History & Classical Studies

Bullfinch's Mythology

Classical Myth-the Ancient Sources

Classical Mythology

Exploring Ancient World Cultures

Farrell Notes and Supplements

The Greek World of Mary Renault


University of Kentucky Classics


"The phoenix is a sacred bird from ancient Greek, Egyptian and Arabian mythology that lived in Arabia and was a servant of the sun god of ancient Egypt. The phoenix is described as a heron in Egypt, but is usually depicted as a peacock or eagle like bird with red and gold plumage. Only one phoenix can exist at any one time. Every 500 or 1461 years, when it feels its time is coming, the phoenix builds a nest to be used as a funeral pyre. The old phoenix is then consumed in flames and burned to ashes. A new phoenix then rises from the funeral pyre. This process is said to symbolize the rising and setting of the sun. After embalming the ashes of it's predecessor in an egg of myrrh it would then fly with it to the City of the Sun and place it on the alter of the sun god..." - From: "The Legend of the Phoenix"


Ancient Rome

The Gnosis Archive

The Illustrated History of the
Roman Empire

The "Palace" of Diocletian at Split

Pompeii Forum Project

Rome Project

The Six Enneads


California History

California Heritage Collection
Archive of more than 30,000 images
illustrating California's history & culture.

California History Online |
California Historical Society

California History Project

Century of Servitude-The Pribilof Aleuts

Native American Lore Index


U.S. History

bullet National Archives & Records Administration
bulletDemocracy In America- Not
bulletThe People's Prayer
bullet Teledemocracy
bullet Veterans Service Organizations
bullet Federal Agencies
bulletThe U.S. Declaration of Independence & Bill of Rights
bullet U.S. Founding Documents
bullet Washington's Farewell

Against Their Will- North Carolina's
Sterilization Program

Advocates for the disabled are asking
President Bush to apologize on behalf
of the nation for programs operated by
North Carolina & 32 other states that
sterilized as many as 65,000 people before
ending in the 1980s. "The federal government
had to know something about it if 33 states
were doing this," said Keith Kessler of Dale City
Va., who sent a letter to Bush this week of
behalf of the Disabled Action Committee, an
advocacy group that publishes a national

American Civil War Collections

American Highway Project
Images of architecture & cultural
landscapes situated along the highways
of the U.S.

American Life Histories

American Memory
Multimedia collections of digitized historical
documents, photographs, recorded sound,
moving pictures, and text from the Library of
Congress's Americana collections.

American Notes: Travels in America,

253 published narratives by Americans &
foreign visitors recounting their travels in
the colonies and the United States &
their observations and opinions about
American peoples, places, & society
from about 1750 to 1920.

American Rhetoric
Recordings of American speeches, sermons,
debates, interviews, etc.

American Studies at the University of Virginia

America's Story

American West Photography Collection

The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School
Documents in law, history and diplomacy.

The Booker T. Washington Papers

Centennial Exhibition of 1876

Chicago Historical Society

Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System

Common Place
Web site for exploring & exchanging ideas
about early American history & culture.

CSPAN American Writers II
Explores American history through
the lives & works of selected twentieth
century American writers who have
influenced the course of our nation &
looks at what their works mean to
Americans today.

DHQ's Civil War Portal

Documenting the American South
Collection of sources on Southern
history, literature & culture from the
colonial period through the first decades
of the 20th century.

Early America

Famous American Trials

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Museum,
and Digital Archives

History and Politics Out Loud
Searchable multimedia database
documenting & delivering authoritative audio
relevant to American history & politics.

The History of John Crow
Educator's site that presents teachers
with new historical resources & teaching
ideas on one of the most shameful periods
in American history, an era of segregation,
lynching, & disfranchisement of African
Americans that tore at the very fabric
of the nation.

Idaho State Historical Society
Mission is to educate through the
identification, preservation, & interpretation
of Idaho's cultural heritage.

Image Archive on the American
Eugenics Movement

"We now invite you to experience the
unfiltered story of American eugenics –
primarily through materials from the
Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring
Harbor, which was the center of American
eugenics research from 1910-1940. In the
Archive you will see numerous reports,
articles, charts, and pedigrees that were
considered scientific "facts" in their day.
It is important to remind yourself that the
vast majority of eugenics work has been
completely discredited. In the final analysis,
the eugenic description of human life reflected
political & social prejudices, rather than
scientific facts."

John Adams, a biography
by David McCullough

Virtual museum designed to display
examples of the cultural & artistic history
of working people & to celebrate the trade
union movement's contributions to that history.

The Last Wave from Port Chicago
Result of 20 years of investigative work
into the 7/17/44 explosion Port Chicago
Naval Magazine & its connections with
Los Alamos and the Manhattan project.

Life Interrupted
Purpose is to educate people of all ages
about the injustices committed during the
Japanese American internment during
World War II.

Lost Labor: Images of Vanished
American Workers 1900-1980

Selection of photographs excerpted
from a collection of company histories,
pamphlets, & technical brochures
documenting America's business &
corporate industrial history.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project

Max Hunter Folk Song Collection

National Archives & Records
| Exhibit Hall

New Deal Network

100 milestone documents of American history.

The Papers of George Washington

A People's History of the United States:
1492-Present by Howard Zinn

"Known for its lively, clear prose as well as
its scholarly research. A People's History of
the United States is the only volume to tell
America's story from the point of view of --
and in the words of -- America's women,
factory workers, African Americans, Native
Americans, working poor, & immigrant laborers."
-From the Publisher

Philo  T. Farnsworth Archives
Devoted to life of Philo Farnsworth
inventor of  the current system of television
transmission & reception.

The Religious Freedom Page
Concerned with issues of religious
freedom in the U.S. & around the world.

Salem Witch Trials

Save Our Sounds
Smithsonian Institution & the Library of Congress
collection of historical recordings of America's
spoken word and music

Student Nonviolent Coordinating

Covers the Student Nonviolent Coordinating
Committee from its birth in 1960 to 1966,
when John Lewis was replaced by Stokely
Carmichael as chairman. Explore such
events as sit-ins, the Freedom Rides &
Freedom Summer.

Thomas Jefferson Digital Archive

TimePage/US History

The United States Civil War Center

The Valley of the Shadow Project
Takes two communities, one Northern & one
Southern, through the experience of the
American Civil War.

US History.org

Veterans History Project

The Veterans History Project is motivated
by a desire to honor our nation's war
veterans for their service and to collect
their stories and experiences while they
are still among us. It documents the
contributions of civilian volunteers, support
staff, and war industry workers as well as
the experiences of military personnel from
all ranks and all branches of service.

"Was Hiroshima Necessary?"
by Doug Long

"We probably could have ended the war
sooner with fewer deaths on all sides by using
the full carrot and stick: 1) offer retention of
the Emperor for a quick surrender; and
2) threaten Russian invasion and 3) atomic
destruction as the alternative. None of these
key incentives to surrender were used prior
to the atomic bombing of Hiroshima." -
Doug Long


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